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11) Importing data from MySQL to HDFS based on SQL query
Append & LastModified
The following is as per the Sqoop documentation.
Sqoop supports two types of incremental imports: append and lastmodified. You can use the –incremental argument to specify the type of incremental import to perform.
You should specify append mode when importing a table where new rows are continually being added with increasing row id values. You specify the column containing the row’s id with –check-column. Sqoop imports rows where the check column has a value greater than the one specified with –last-value.
An alternate table update strategy supported by Sqoop is called lastmodified mode. You should use this when rows of the source table may be updated, and each such update will set the value of a last-modified column to the current timestamp. Rows where the check column holds a timestamp more recent than the timestamp specified with –last-value are imported.
At the end of an incremental import, the value which should be specified as –last-value for a subsequent import is printed to the screen. When running a subsequent import, you should specify –last-value in this way to ensure you import only the new or updated data. This is handled automatically by creating an incremental import as a saved job, which is the preferred mechanism for performing a recurring incremental import. See the section on saved jobs later in this document for more information.
Below two are examples of incremental imports.
12) Importing data from MySQL to HDFS – Incremental Import
The below is the “emp” data which is in MySQL’s “EMPDEPT” database.
Importing it into HDFS using the below command
After importing it into HDFS, insert two rows in MySQL’s table.
These two records need to be updated/appended in HDFS location. To achieve it use the below command.
13) Import and append data from MySQL to HDFS
Consider the same example specified above.
As per the data, the last entry in the table is 1981-09-28, and if we update one or two records, as shown below.
The records which are updated in the source table should also need to be updated in the destination (HDFS). The command to do that –
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