Purge in Apache Hive aids in the permanent deletion of data. This will be used with the DROP TABLE statement. This can also be used for deleting certain partitions. However, this keyword should be used with caution since if a table or partition is accidentally deleted, it cannot be retrieved.
If you don’t use purge, the table is moved in the Trash directory, where it can be recovered after being dropped. However, if you use purge, the table will not travel to the Trash directory and will not be recoverable.
ALTER TABLE DROP PARTITION can be used to remove a table partition. This deletes the partition’s data and metadata. Unless PURGE is given, the data is moved to the Trash/Current directory if Trash is set, but the metadata is completely destroyed.
DROP TABLE [IF EXISTS] table_name [PURGE];
ALTER TABLE table_name DROP [IF EXISTS] PARTITION [partition_spec]
[IGNORE PROTECTION] [PURGE];